Senegal has a very rich history. The stories and legends tell us that great men, wars and conquests have made this country what it is today. Senegal’s pre-colonial history is mainly about kingdoms and states that broke up progressively. Since Senegal became a French colony in 1677, it has maintained close relations with France (some Senegalese politicians even served in the French parliament). The country became independent as part of the Federation of Mali in January 1959, and then as an autonomous Republic on August 20, 1960.  
  • Presidents: :
  • Leopold Sedar Senghor, 1 st President, from 1960 to 1980, and also the great poet who came up with the concept of negritude
  • Abdou Diouf, President of Senegal from 1981 to 2000, and Secretary General of La Francophonie from 2003 to 2015
  • Abdoulaye Wade, from 2000 to 2012
  • and Macky Sall, since 2012.


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